To protect its interests in the Arctic, Russia has announced plans to set up a military force.
In a document published on its national security council’s website, Moscow says it expects the Arctic to become its main resource base by 2020.
Though it has only been made public now, the strategy is thought to have been approved in September.
The Russian’s ambitions will probably cause concern among other countries with claims to the Arctic.
The document foresees that within the next decade, the Arctic will become Russia’s main source of oil and gas.
Moscow says one of its main goals will be the establishment of troops “capable of ensuring military security” in the region, in order to protect its assets.
BBC’s James Rodgers in Moscow says that the Arctic has gained in strategic importance for Russia as climate change opens up the possibility of making drilling viable in previously inaccessible areas.
But the country’s Arctic ambitions have already put those with competing claims on the defensive.
A Russian flag was planted in 2007 on the seabed beneath the North Pole, by a Russian expedition.
Sovereignty over parts of the region is disputed between Russia, Canada, Denmark, Norway and the US, as they all have an Arctic coastline.
With an estimated 90 billion untapped barrels of oil, Russia’s strategy is likely to be scrutinised carefully by its neighbours in the far north.