Last month poll in Burma brought strong UN criticism saying they were neither free nor fair, and clashes on the border between troops and ethnic Karen rebels.
However, Vijay Nambiar, the UN envoy who visited the country last week and met Aung San Suu Kyi (photo, from bbcimg.co.uk), said that political change is clearly taking place.
He told the BBC that parliamentary by-elections could now open up “opportunities” for broadening the political spectrum.
The biggest military-backed party won the election, which the party of pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi boycotted.
Following several years under house arrest, Suu Kyi was released six days after the poll.
“Government formation is taking place (in Burma). I think there will be new spaces, new slots in the parliament which will open up for by-elections,” Nambiar told the BBC Burmese Service.
According to him the by-elections were “small opportunities for increasing the political space for a broader, inclusive involvement”.
The Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) won the elections on 7 November, the first to be held in the country since 1990.
20 years ago, Suu Kyi’s now disbanded National League for Democracy (NLD) won the election, but was never allowed to take power.
Now free again, Aung San Suu Kyi urged her followers to keep hoping for change. She added that she was ready to talk to Western nations about lifting sanctions on Burma, which she previously supported.